Modular flight training route

Coming into land

If you are looking into becoming a pilot then you would have heard of the modular flight training route but may not be sure what exactly it is.
The modular flight training route which can also be known as the self improver route is where you do each part of your training in modules and eventually get issued your frozen ATPL licence.
In this post we will explain what exactly you have to do to go down this route which can be £60,000 less than the integrated route.

An EASA Class 1 medical. There is no point spending any money on flight training without getting this out of the way. You cannot fly for an airline without one.

Step one – PPL
The first step on the modular training route is to get your PPL (Private Pilot Licence). This is where you actually learn to fly and takes a minimum of 45 hours. If you go the integrated route you do not actually get issued this.
You also need to get 5 hours at night to get your night rating either during or after your PPL.

Step 2 – Ground School
This is where your whole life becomes dedicated to the 14 ATPL exams you must pass to continue your training. There are two options with these. A residential course where you go to school every day and a distance learning course which is ideal if you still have a job you need to work around.
You have to pass all exams in a maximum of 6 sittings and they are pretty hard so you need to take them very seriously.

Step 3 – Hour Building
This is where you build your hours up to make the CPL pre requisites which are –

  • Private Pilot’s Licence (PPL)
  • 150 hours total time
  • 100 hours Pilot in Command
  • A pass in all 14 ATPL examinations
  • Class 1 Medical
  • 300nm qualifying cross country
  • Must hold a Multi-Engine piston rating (if completing a multi-engine CPL course)

A lot of people go to America to do this as the aircraft rental rates are a lot cheaper even after you add in flights and accommodation.

Step 4
CPL ME/IR. This is where you do your CPL (Commercial Pilots Licence) ME (Multi Engine) IR (Instrument Rating). A lot of students tend to do this on a combined course.

Step 5
MCC / JOC. This is the final step where you do your MCC (Multi Crew Co Operation) and JOC (Jet Orientation Course). The JOC isn’t actually mandatory for licence issue but more and more airlines are asking for one.

From here you can apply to the CAA for your licence issue and start applying to the airlines for a job.

The beauty of the modular training route is that you can do it around your current job and it is cheaper than the integrated route. The downside is some airlines do not accept modular students. However a lot such as Ryanair, Jet2 and Flybe have all taken modular students recently

I have another post on is integrated training worth over £100,000 that you should read.


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How to record ATC comms with a Gopro camera

One of the new must have devices when flying is the ever popular go pro camera. There are many videos on YouTube with people who have the ATC comms which make them a lot better. You like myself was most likely wondering, how do they do that? Well in this post I will teach you how to record ATC comms with a Gopro camera.

This is the equipment you will need.

GoPro Camera
The basic go pro camera is NOT good enough for your requirements. It does not have the ability to have a mic in which is essential for this. For this reason you will need a GoPro 3 or higher in the black or silver edition.
GoPro 4 Silver on Amazon UK.
GoPro 4 Black on Amazon UK.

Suction Mount
We now need to find a way to mount the camera to the aircraft surface so for this we use a mount.
GoPro Suction Mount on Amazon UK

Adapters, cables and Housing.
From here you need to get the audio to the go pro camera. So to link the aircraft comms to the GoPro you will then need.
A 6.3mm adapter to go in the aircraft headset jack.
A 3.5mm cable to run from the adapter.
A GoPro audio adapter to go from the cable into the GoPro camera.
A GoPro skeleton housing. This allows you to be able to plug the cable in while the go pro is in use.

From here you just connect the 6.3mm adapter to the aircraft headset jack. The 3.5mm audio cable runs from that to one end of the GoPro audio adapter and then the other end plugs into the your camera.
Then you have ATC comms and passenger communication recorded directly onto your video.

Career change to pilot

a319 easyjet

I currently have a pretty good job, I work in IT something I have done since leaving university. I earn a good enough salary and would actually most likely be taking a pay cut to become a pilot after all the training is done.
Why am I looking to make a career change to pilot?
Passion. While I like my job and I like to think I am pretty good at it (IT Engineer) I love planes! My favourite part of any holiday is the flight and I just find aircraft to be so fascinating and amazing.
I have always wanted to be a pilot deep down. The only thing that has stopped me is money. For this reason I went into my other passion of computers. Years ago I decided I was going to have a shot at this and I began to save with the intention to train the modular route.
I am now 30 years old so really if I am going to do this, it needs to be now. I also said that I wanted to begin my training around 30 and be able to pretty much go from one section to the next.
We spend a lot of our life working and I feel that people should be doing something they love and are passionate about. The happiest people are the ones who have jobs that they love to do. When we do something we love, we are not working at all, but getting paid for our hobby.
My intention is to stay working my job as long as possible, this is the beauty of the modular route. You can hold down a day job and study through the evenings and fly after work and/or at the weekends.
I have also been very passionate about travel all my life, in fact I would say it’s my biggest interest.
At the end of the day, sometimes in life you just have to take a leap of faith. Yes this might be an expensive gamble that doesn’t pay off but it’s better to look back in 30 years and say “I tried” rather than “I wish I tried”.
Fortune favours the brave and all that.
With a bit of luck an airline will see my passion and I will be able to complete my career change to pilot.

PPL Lesson 1: Basic Handling


Yesterday I tried to get my PPL of to a good start but the weather and poor viability put an end to that. Today I woke up to clear blue skies and so I was very optimistic about managing to get PPL Lesson 1: Basic Handling.
As I suspected, we were able to fly so I spoke to my instructor Martin and found out we will be flying in Yankee Bravo today (pictured).
We ran through the A check which is the check you do if you are the first person to use the plane that day. After this we then went through the pre take off checks before my instructor radioed to the tower that we were ready to go.I did the pedal work to keep the plane on the yellow line and after a few more checks we were lined up on the runway ready to go.
We set of and hit a whopping 60 knots before the instructor rotated then it was over to me.
There was nothing to taxing done up here, we did a few turns and I learned how the trim worked (something I think will be very handy going forward).

Above the clouds c152
We went up above the clouds which was very cool. I was surprised that at only 4000ft we were already above the clouds.
I asked my instructor how we would know if other planes were in the cloud and he told me that they had to radio to the tower which makes perfect sense. He also had an app for traffic which helped you to know what was around you.
It felt like we wasn’t up there that long but it was already time to descend and come back into land. My instructor handled the landing as the visibility on the ground wasn’t excellent. No doubt I will be able to get some practice on take offs and landings on my upcoming lessons.
I must admit I felt a bit weird on the climb out but I quickly got over it and started to enjoy it .
Anyways I am booked up for next Sunday so weather permitting lesson two will take place then.

Grounded due to low visibility

Today I learned of the joys of the weather here in the UK. When I arrived at the school today visibility was just 3km the minimum for visual flight is 5km which basically means that we was grounded due to low visibility. Luckily there was a slot tomorrow where we will try again to get the first lesson of the PPL out of the way.
cessna 152










I used the time to speak to my instructor and find out a bit more about what I am signing myself up for.
We took a tour of the plane that we was scheduled to use (above) and went through the instruments and controls. I even found out that we may be flying to France at some point!
I saw the Cessna 172 that we flew on my trail lesson and found out that the school has 10 planes in total. The only other customer at the school this morning looked around 14 and with me being 30 I suddenly started to feel pretty  old. The good news is my instructor told me his last few students had completed the course in 45 hours which from a money point of view would be ideal for me.
I plan to get in a few hours a week because I want to spend the majority of 2016 getting through my ATPL exams. The distance learning course I will use says that the exams will take a whooping 9 months! With ground school being 4 days per module and there being 3 modules in total I need to get it all out the way in 2o16 so I can do hour building early in 2017. However I do not want to get ahead of myself and start thinking about the next step when this one has hardly started.
Lets hope the weather tomorrow will allow me to start my aviation career!

Which UK airlines have aircraft on order


As a trainee pilot, vital information is how many aircraft the airlines you want to work for are ordering and when. While not all aircraft will go towards expansion, some will which in turn will create more pilot jobs that you can hopefully fill someday. As of 1/10/2015 this is a list of which UK airlines have aircraft on order. I will include companies such as Ryanair on this list as they have a huge UK presence. Here is the list of which UK airlines have aircraft on order.

British Airways
13 x Airbus A320neo
7x Airbus A321neo
18x Airbus A350-1000 (18 options)
3x Airbus A380 (7 options)
21x Boeing 787-9
12x Boeing 787-10

53x Airbus A320-200
100x Airbus A320neo (100 options)
27x Boeing 737-800

Monarch Airlines
30x Boeing 737 Max 8 (15 options)

162x Boeing 737-800
100x Boeing 737 MAX 200

Titan Airways
1x Airbus A319-100
1x Airbus A321-200

Thomas Cook
25x Airbus A321-211
1x Airbus A330-200

47x Boeing 737 MAX
3x Boeing 787-9

Virgin Atlantic
6x Airbus A380-800 (6 options)
10x Boeing 787-9 (5 options)

So as you can see the UK airlines are ordering planes which will create some jobs. This doesn’t mean that competition for these jobs will not still be fierce, they will, but at leas the jobs are being created in the market. Also you have to keep in mind that these airlines may not be looking to recruit fresh graduates with FATPL’s.

Cranfield Flying School

Cranfield Flying School

When looking for a school to train out I had 3 real things to consider. First was the location of the school, I needed somewhere that was within a reasonable distance. Second was the quality of the training and instructors and last was the fleet of aircraft at the school.
After searching I discovered a school at a small airport called Cranfield. The school was named Cranfield Flying School.
Cranfield is just 18 miles away from where I live so that was ideal for me and from their website I saw that they had Cessna 152, 172, Piper PA28 Warrior, Piper 28R Arrow, PA44 Seminole and even an Schweizer 300 Helicopter!
After looking at their website I felt like this was a professional outfit so I decided to book a trial lesson of a 30 minute flight. I loved this and you can read about it on more detail on this blog post about my first flying lesson.
I am now about to start my PPL (I had to wait a few months while I saved) and I am very confident about doing it at Cranfield flying school. I feel that the quality of the instruction I am about to get will be professional and hopefully in a few short months I will be writing about how I am now a fully certified PPL and will be able to progress on to an ATPL theory course.
For anyone in the Hearts, Beds & Bucks area who are thinking about learning to fly I suggest you give the guys at Cranfield Flying School a call.

New pilot jobs

Air Asia A320

With many new pilots qualifying every year the one worry for everybody on a non tagged scheme is are there any new pilot jobs?
Well the answer is yes there are, however you may not get a job within your first few months or even years. This is something that you will need to be prepared for and will need to put a contingency plan in place.Of course there are people who qualify and get a job flying within a few weeks and this could happen to you which of course would be great. However for everybody who has been so lucky there are people who haven’t and are months / years into trying to get their first job.
The main question you need to answer is how will I put food on the table if I cannot find a flying job anytime soon? For me the answer is to keep working in my current industry (IT) until the job I need shows up.
If you do not have a career behind you then you need to be willing to do whatever it takes to keep the cash coming in. You have to remember that as a qualified pilot you will want to one thing more than anything else and that’s fly! Flying is not cheap, this is something we all know.
On top of this you will have to renew your ratings & medical yearly, which again is going to take more of your hard earned cash.
If this is your dream chase it I say, life is short, too short for regrets but make sure you know what you are getting yourself into. Make a business plan, work out the costs, put in contingencies and most importantly get somebody to check it over to make sure the numbers and figures add up.
The jobs are out there, you just have to be prepared to relocate anywhere and possibly wait for them to be offered to you. Being flexible is a benefit, if a job comes up in Italy tomorrow you need to be willing to take it. Your first job may not be in the United Kingdom.
Remember, you only fail if you give up.

Flight training process explained

Training as an airline pilot is a very complicated, time-consuming and intense process, much more involved than many people think.
There are two routes to becoming and airline pilot, one is called integrated (ab initio) or the modular route.

Thai Lion 737

Modular route
The modular route is where you do your training in stages then keep adding to it. Modular training costs anything from £40,000-£65,000 depending on where in the world you go to do it. When you have completed training and if you are lucky enough of be offered a job, depending on the airline you may have to pay up to £30,000 for a Type rating. Type rating is specific training so you can fly a certain type of aircraft. For most new pilots this will likely be the A320 or the 737. Modular training involves gaining the following qualifications.

  1. PPL (Private Pilots Licence)
  2. Hour Building
  3. ATPL Theory
  4. CPL (Commercial Pilots Licence)
  5. MEP (Multi Engine Piston)
  6. IR (instrument Rating)
  7. MCC (Multi Crew Co-operation)
  8. JOC (Jet Orientation Course)
  9. Apply, hope, pray & never give up.

As you can see it is quite involved. The good thing about the modular route is that it allows you to gradually build up the skills required to get your FATPL (Frozen Air Transport Pilots Licence). The bad thing is in recent years airlines seem to be showing a preference for Integrated students. There are some airlines who still hire modular (Ryanair, Jet2, Flybe, Thomas Cook) however a lot of airlines are launching their own integrated cadet courses with the 3 big training schools (CTC Aviation, CAE Oxford and FTE Jerez).

Now there are two types of integrated training. The FATPL training as detailed in the modular section (minus the PPL) and the newer MPL (Multi Crew Pilot Licence). The MPL is interesting because it is set up to take you to the deck of a multi crew aircraft for day 1. However the most important thing about it is, it is sponsored by an airline from day 1 and comes with a conditional job offer on competition. In the UK both EasyJet, Flybe and Virgin offer this type of training. Obviously for this reason competition is high and while the FATPL training is still good and the flight school will help you to find a job there are no guarantees at the end of it. The airline industry is a very expensive risk but when it pays of, it’s amazing.

Now don’t get me wrong modular training can and does work so I’m not making out it’s all doom and gloom because it isn’t. The MPL seems to be the best route at the moment due to the airline sponsoring you from day one.
If an MPL is not possible I would look at modular training due to the cost savings over a FATPL training course.
However all routes can and do lead to the cockpit and people from both paths are successful every year.
I hope that this is the flight training process explained.

Financing flight training

Above the clouds c152

This is a big question that every aspiring pilot must answer, just how to I afford to follow this dream. I recommend every pilot take a long hard look at the finances of doing this. Lets look at the main ways for financing flight training.

  1. Get the money from family – If you are in the position where a parent or family member can afford to give you the money to train, then this would be the best way. Paying cash and having no debt will be a massive bonus and will make the lower salary on offer less of an issue.
  2. Repaid sponsorship – unfortunately there are not many of these around, in fact the only ones I know of are the BA Future Pilot Programme and the Aer Lingus program. Competition is ridiculously high but you should of course apply to this. I believe this is the best way into the profession.
  3. Loan – This is the one that I really want to spend some time talking about. A popular way to fund the training with the big flight schools is a loan with BBVA. I think this is a horrible way for financing your flight training, let me tell you why.
    You will take out a loan for around £100,000+ secured against either your, or your parents house. That should be first red flag, I will state it again. £100,000 loan secured against a house, you could make your parents homeless if you cannot afford to repay this.
    The salary on offer does not allow you to comfortably service this loan and live a comfortable life. You will not have much spare money, you will have to live at home or even a bed sit / rent a room.
    Currently we are at an all time low rate of 0.5% Bank of England interest rate. When I looked at this loan it was 3.0% apr PLUS the Bank of England interest rate. So the loan may be just about manageable now, what happens when the rates go up and the repayments get higher? Can you service this on a salary of £30,000? Not likely.
    I understand the desire to fly is a strong one but please do not let your heart rule your head. This is not a good idea, at all.
  4. Go Modular – If you can get a job, live frugally and save, the modular route works very well. It allows you to pay as you go and add ratings bit by bit. Yes it is still expensive but it costs quite a bit less than integrated training (£40,000-£60,000). However please remember you may be required to fund a type rating (up to £25,000) on top of this.